Incoterms 2023 Chart | Type, Meaning, Full Form

Hello friends, today through this post you will be able to know what is Incoterms, Meaning, full form and chart pdf 2023, here is a topic related to import-export business. If you want to import or export any goods from other country then it is very important for you to know about Incoterms.

It can also be known by standard terms, its full form is International Commercial Terms. (In=International + Co=Commerce + Terms=Term)

According to Incoterms, it is ensured that what will be the delivery point for the seller. Where buyer’s responsiveness starts.

Incoterms are used only to know the Responsibility of Buyers and Sellers within each term.

The delivery point is different for each term and the responsibility cost and risk at that delivery point is transferred from the seller to the buyer.

Types of Incoterms

Incoterms are some of the terms used in international trade to define the responsibilities of sellers and buyers as part of the sales contract. There are 11 types of incoterms that are very important to know about.

Allocations of costs to buyer/seller according to Incoterms 2023

Incoterm 2023Loading at originExport customs declarationCarriage to port of exportUnloading of truck in port of exportLoading on vessel/airplane in port of exportCarriage (sea/air) to port of importInsuranceUnloading in port of importLoading on truck in port of importCarriage to place of destinationImport customs clearanceImport duties and taxesUnloading at destination
Incoterms Chart
incoterms chart 2023

Rules for any mode of transport

EXW – Ex Works (insert place of delivery) – In EXW, the seller delivers the cargo (container full of goods) to the buyer at his wirehouse, in which the responsibility of packaging lies with the seller, and all subsequent responsibilities have to be handed over to the buyer.

FCA  – Free Carrier (Insert named place of delivery) – In this type of term, the goods seller is responsible for the delivery of the goods at a specified destination. In this, the seller is originally responsible for all export details and the buyer is responsible for destination operations and select origin operations.

CPT  – Carriage Paid to (insert place of destination) – Under this, the seller pays for the carriage of goods to a place. Goods are considered delivered only when the goods are first handed over to the main carrier. So that the risk is transferred to the buyer of that carrier in place of cement in the country of export.

CIP –  Carriage and Insurance Paid To (insert place of destination)  – The place also has to be mentioned in this, after that the responsibility of the seller is only up to that place.

DAP – Delivered at Place (insert named place of destination)  – Under this term, all the responsibility lies with the seller, the buyer has to pay only duty and tax. Suppose the buyer has chosen some other port instead of choosing the delivery place of his warehouse, then the buyer will take the responsibility only there.

DPU – Delivered at Place Unloaded (insert of place of destination)  – It is mandatory to know the name of the place – the place of delivery, where the seller has to unload. The seller is required to deliver the goods to the buyer’s redress after the request has been made by the inbound mode of transport.

DDP – Delivered Duty Paid (Insert place of destination) – In this term, the seller has to pay all the duties and taxes, but at the time of final unloading, only the buyer has to pay, these incoterms are used by those who have an office in the buyer’s country, so that they can Handle things easily to his customers.

Rules for sea and inland waterway transport

FAS – (Free Alongside ship) These incoterms are used only for Ocean Freight, it is very important to write the name of Sea Port, Seaport belongs to the country of the exporter. This type of term is used only for bulk cargo i.e. it is not used in container cargo.

FOB – Free on Board (insert named port of loading) – Free Alongside Ship (insert name of port of loading) – Free On Board FOB is a shipment that is used so that the seller or buyer will not be liable for any goods damaged or destroyed during shipping. In this the buyer pays the cost for shipping from the factory and is only responsible for the damage to the goods during transportation. And till the time the goods do not reach the buyer, the loss and risk remains on the seller.

CFR – Cost and Freight (insert named port of destination) – In this, the seller will have to freight up to the port of the country. The responsibility of insurance of cargo in CFR is not that of the seller.

CIF –  Cost Insurance and Freight (insert named port of destination) – In this, the responsibility of insurance lies with the seller, and the buyer has to take the responsibility of unloading, in this the responsibility of ocean freight and insurance lies with the seller, and the delivery point of the seller is also known.

Defined terms in Incoterms

  • Delivery: Defines the point at which the risk of loss or damage to the goods is transferred from the seller to the buyer.
  • Arrival: The point at which payment is made to the cargo carrying vehicle.
  • Free of charge: It is under the obligation of the seller to deliver the goods at a designated place for transfer to a vehicle.
  • Carrier: When any person who undertakes to carry out the performance of transport by any carriage by a combination of roads, rails, seas, etc.
  • Freight Forwarder: A firm that assists with or makes shipping arrangements.
  • Terminal: Any location such as a warehouse, container freight, rail or air cargo terminal.
  • For clearance for export: To file export declaration of shipper and obtain export permit



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What is the full form of incoterms?

International Commercial Terms. (In=International + Co=Commerce + Terms=Term)

Incoterms meaning in hindi?

Incoterms meaning in Hindi: “अंतरराष्ट्रीय वाणिज्य शर्तें”

What is the meaning of cif incoterms?

Cost, insurance, and freight is an international shipping agreement used when freight is shipped via sea or waterway.

what is incoterms in sap?

SAP Incoterms is a type of trading terms that comply with the standards established by the International Chamber of Commerce.

What are the 4 groups of Incoterms?

C, D, E, F

Who pays CFR Incoterms?


what are the 11 incoterms?

Ex Works (EXW), Free Carrier (FCA), Carriage Paid To (CIP), Carriage and Insurance Paid To (CIP), Delivered at Place (DAP), Delivered at Place Unloaded (DPU), Delivered Duty Paid (DDP), Free Alongside Ship (FAS),Free on Board (FOB), Cost and Freight (CFR), and Cost, Insurance, and Freight (CIF).

who published incoterms?

ICC (International Chamber of Commerce)

what is the full form of CIP in Incoterms?

Carriage and Insurance Paid

which is the latest incoterms?

January 1, 2020

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